Nutrition for stomach ulcers: list of products, menu, diet

The diet for stomach ulcers must be prescribed by a doctor

Dietary nutrition for stomach ulcers is a necessary measure to cure the disease and maintain health. The chronic form requires constant monitoring of the diet; an ulcer in the acute phase also requires drug therapy. Proper nutrition for a stomach ulcer will relieve the unpleasant symptoms caused by the ailment: heartburn, heaviness in the abdomen, cramps and sharp pain.

What is a stomach ulcer?

Peptic ulcer causes symptoms similar to gastritis: pain, especially after eating, frequent heartburn, weakness, and sometimes fever. With a stomach ulcer, a defect in the mucosa of the organ is observed due to trophic disorders. This is due to the destruction of the protective lining of the gastric mucosa, resulting in erosion that causes unpleasant symptoms.

Peptic ulcer accompanied by stomach cramps

The disease can be diagnosed only in the hospital after carrying out a series of procedures and taking into account the symptoms that worry the patient. Sometimes an ulcer may open in the duodenum. The disease can be detected in people of any age and does not depend on the sex of the person. After an accurate diagnosis, an appropriate treatment is selected based on the data obtained.

Very often, numerous drugs are prescribed, such as antibiotics and antispasmodics, and a diet that must be followed for a long period of time: during therapy and after healing of the ulcer.

With proper treatment: drug therapy and maintaining a diet, the ulcer heals, leaving a scar in its place. People who have experienced this problem may experience recurring conditions, so it is very important to eliminate the factors that caused the disease from your life and monitor your diet.

Causes of ulcers

A stomach ulcer can be caused by prolonged use of medications, infection with pathogenic bacteria, or increased stomach acid. Stressful conditions and concomitant diseases of the gastrointestinal tract increase the risk of ulcers. The risk group also includes people who like to drink coffee and drink alcoholic beverages. Often the formation of stomach ulcers is associated with poor nutrition, frequent overeating or hunger. You can "get" an ulcer if you follow a strict mono-diet for a long time. People with weakened immune systems can also suffer from the disease.

If the disease is noticed and diagnosed in time, it can be cured without complications or surgery.

Directions for diet

The diet for stomach ulcers should be changed in the following cases:

  • With a strong exacerbation of the disease.
  • During the recovery period after an acute illness.
  • When the disease disappears.

Your doctor tells you how to eat properly if you have a stomach ulcer. Depending on the stage of development of the ulcer and the well-being of the patient, diet No. is prescribed. 1 or its modifications n. 1A and n. 1B. They differ, but at the same time they have common nutritional principles.

Principles of nutrition

When a disease is detected, due to fear of pain and discomfort, people stop eating and begin to starve. This should not be done for peptic ulcers. You need to avoid feeling hungry, know what you can eat if you have a stomach ulcer, and create an individual menu with your doctor.

Food should be steamed or stewed. It is necessary to avoid fatty foods, salty foods, hot spices. All this irritates the gastric mucosa, causes heartburn and does not contribute to recovery.

It is necessary to eat in small portions, ideally every 3-4 hours, but the portions should be no larger than the patient's fist, so as not to overload the body, which is already struggling with the disease. It is better if the food is separated. For example, you shouldn't eat carbohydrates and fats in the same meal. But this rule is not mandatory.

If you have a stomach ulcer, you need to eat often, but in small portions

Food should be liquid or finely chopped so that it is better absorbed and digested faster. You need to chew your food well and not rush to finish eating. It is best to grind grains and other solid foods.

You should avoid eating foods that are too hot or cold; the stomach will react sharply to the temperature of the food. It is better if the dish is at room temperature or slightly warmed.

The diet is important. During a diet, it is necessary to increase the amount of fluid consumed. It is recommended to drink at least 1. 5-2 liters of clean water per day. You can also drink green teas and herbal infusions, but only after consulting your doctor. Some herbs can cause intestinal irritation and make symptoms worse. And some, on the contrary, promote healing.

To prevent stomach ulcers, you need to avoid frequent consumption of spicy and fatty foods, fast food, chips, alcoholic beverages and other unhealthy foods.

Diet no. 1

For stomach ulcers, a certain diet is necessary. The diet should be prescribed by a doctor, self-medication can only aggravate the situation. The first diet promotes wound healing and scar formation, relieves inflammation and eliminates the symptoms of the disease. For this reason it is necessary to strictly adhere to the stomach ulcer diet.

The diet is balanced, the body does not suffer from vitamin deficiency, if the preparation of the daily menu is approached correctly. Thanks to the preparation method and low calorie content of the products, you can not only improve your health, but also burn excess fat, which will facilitate the body's healing process and eliminate excess toxins.

Only products that cause irritation of the gastric mucosa and increase acidity are excluded. You can steam or boil dishes; If you prefer baking, you should not bake until a crust forms.

  • The basis of the diet is soups. You can cook them with grated vegetables: carrots, potatoes. For satiety you can add overcooked cereals, such as oatmeal or rice. You can prepare soups with the addition of milk, cream, eggs. We recommend milk soup with the addition of vermicelli and sweet fresh berries. It is not forbidden to eat pureed vegetable soups with the addition of chicken.
  • You can eat flour products, but only stale ones. It would be better if they were crackers or croutons. Ideally, purchased bread should rest for a couple of days before being consumed. You can also eat sweet and savory focaccias and cakes, but in limited quantities.
  • It is allowed to add any type of meat to the diet. It is advisable to give preference to low-fat varieties. You can use them to prepare cutlets, goulash and other meat dishes, but be sure to heat treat them without adding oil: stew, bake, boil, steam. You can add liver and tongue to the menu. Before cooking, you need to thoroughly process the meat, remove the veins and skin.
  • Fish. River and marine varieties are allowed, but not in the form of canned food. Low-fat varieties should be eaten baked or boiled.
  • Is it possible to have milk if you have a stomach ulcer? Sometimes it's even necessary. It won't hurt to drink a glass of warm milk before going to bed. During the day you can also consume other dairy products: fresh kefir, cottage cheese, unsalted cheese. All this should be low-fat. It is better if dairy products are homemade rather than store-bought. Sour cream should be limited, but not completely excluded.
  • It is not necessary to exclude eggs from the diet. But you will have to cook them soft-boiled or make an omelette.
  • Fruits cannot be ruled out from stomach ulcers, but their acidity should be taken into account. You can eat bananas and grapes.
  • Almost all cereals can be consumed if reduced to the state of boiled grains. They can be prepared with either water or milk. They can be eaten as a stand-alone dish or as a side dish.
  • Vegetables – potatoes, beets, carrots, cauliflower. They are best steamed, boiled and ground into creamy soups. Limit the consumption of tomatoes and courgettes. Eat ready-made vegetables, after boiling or stewing them. You can add them to soups, but in limited quantities, especially dill and parsley.
  • Vegetables should be finely chopped for better digestion by the stomach.
  • Even sweet desserts are not prohibited. You can pamper yourself with honey, ground or melted chocolate, jam, sweet fruit drink with added sugar or prepare fruit or berry dishes.
  • As for drinks, freshly squeezed juices, but not store-bought ones, fruit drinks, homemade compotes, tea, clean water with lemon juice and rosehip infusions can be included in the menu.
  • From fatty foods, you can leave high-quality butter in your diet.

Which products are prohibited

What not to eat if you have a stomach ulcer:

  • Mushrooms, broths after cooking.
  • Fatty soups, such as borscht.
  • Meat and fish broths. All soups must be low-fat.
  • Fresh bread, butter or puff pastry.
  • Duck, goose, chicken skins, turkey skins, stewed meats and other canned foods.
  • Smoked products: fish, sausages, frankfurters.
  • Fatty fish, salted and smoked varieties.
  • Dairy products with a high percentage of fatty, acidic and salty cheeses.
  • Eggs for stomach ulcer are prohibited if they are hard-boiled or fried in oil.
  • Millet and pearl barley porridge.
  • Semolina pasta.
  • Legume culture.
  • Onions, cucumbers of various preparations, pickled vegetables, canned vegetables, prepared for the winter with the addition of spices, radishes, sorrel, turnips.
  • Unripe vegetables, fruits and berries. High acid foods.
  • Ice-cream.
  • Mushroom and tomato based sauces.
  • Pepper, mustard.
  • Coffee, sparkling water.
  • Fats: margarine, oils, etc.

Also, you can't fry, freeze or add too many spices. It is advisable to also reduce the amount of salt for a speedy recovery.

Stomach ulcer patients should exclude fried foods from their diet.

Diet no. 1A

A more rigorous version of diet and nutrition for stomach ulcers. All products are also steamed, but the calorie content of the dish is reduced by eliminating many foods from the diet and adding salt. Before consumption, all foods must be ground or pulped during cooking. Such nutrition for stomach ulcers is often prescribed when the patient is in bed. Promotes rapid healing of ulcers, relieves inflammation and is gentle on the gastrointestinal tract.

The list of foods for stomach ulcer in diet no. 1A changes, unlike the traditional diet. For example, soups cannot be prepared with the addition of vegetables. Only cereals (semolina, rice, oatmeal) and dairy products (cream, butter) are used. Cereals must be boiled.

  • Bread and flour-based products are prohibited.
  • Meat is allowed, but only after processing. You can twist it through a meat grinder and chop finely. Form cutlets from the resulting mass and steam. You can eat meat no more than once a day.
  • Lean fish is prepared according to the same principle as meat. The skin is first removed.
  • Low-fat dairy products are still possible, but cottage cheese, cheeses of any kind and sour cream products should be excluded.
  • All vegetables are prohibited.
  • For sweet foods, you can eat gelatin and fruits, including those ground with sugar. You should not eat raw fruit, chocolate, buns, cakes, etc.
  • All spices and sauces are prohibited.

Diet no. 1B

This is another type of diet for stomach ulcers. Its goal remains the same: to improve the patient's well-being by reducing the impact on the stomach, decreasing acidity, promoting the healing process and decreasing inflammation.

Dishes are served in semi-liquid or ground form. The prescriptions are the same: bed rest, diet. Food is prepared in the steam bath, in water or in the oven. Serve hot, do not eat hot or cold foods. Meals are divided into 6-8 parts, performed at equal time intervals.

Products approved for use against gastric ulcers:

  • Soups prepared with water or milk with the addition of ground cereals.
  • Flour products in limited quantities made from premium flour, preferably crackers.
  • Before cooking, the meat is processed, the tendons and skin removed, and passed through a meat grinder.
  • The fish is also not served whole, but as a cutlet.
  • Low-fat dairy products are allowed.
  • Stomach ulcer porridges can also be included in the diet if prepared with milk or water and ground before consumption.
  • Vegetables in limited quantities: beets, carrots, potatoes.
  • You can add honey and sugar to teas. You can also drink unpreserved juices diluted with water.
The diet menu for stomach ulcers includes low-fat milk

Example menu

The doctor can offer a ready-made menu for stomach ulcers, without taking into account the individual preferences of the patient. Or you can prepare your diet several days in advance. This is especially convenient for busy people or those for whom they cook separately.

The diet for stomach ulcers should consist only of permitted foods, otherwise there is no point in the diet. If you experience a negative reaction to any product (for example, abnormal bowel movements, heartburn, pain or heaviness in the abdomen), you should tell your doctor. Consequently the product can no longer be used for cooking.

Small portions of foods allowed in the stomach ulcer diet

Diet menu number 1:

  • Breakfast: rice porridge with milk with the addition of fresh berries, dried fruit compote, a sandwich with stale bread and cheese. If the portion seems large, you can limit yourself to porridge.
  • Snack: Low-fat cottage cheese.
  • Lunch: vegetable soup, a slice of bread, steamed meatballs, berry juice.
  • Snack – dried fruit compote, crackers without added spices.
  • Dinner – boiled fish without skin, mashed potatoes with butter and milk, green tea.
  • Second dinner: a glass of hot milk.

A more gentle version of the diet is presented, sometimes it is necessary to grind all the products.

Dietary menu no. 1A:

  • Breakfast – two soft-boiled eggs, a glass of hot milk.
  • Snack: a glass of low-fat non-acid kefir.
  • Lunch: milk soup, steamed fish cutlet.
  • Snack: berry jelly.
  • Dinner: rice porridge with water, pre-ground and steamed chicken cutlet.
  • Second dinner: a glass of hot milk.

Dietary menu no. 1B:

  • Breakfast – egg omelette, prepared without adding butter, a glass of hot milk.
  • Snack: crackers, fruit jelly.
  • Lunch: ground cereal soup, poultry meatballs, berry juice.
  • Snack: a glass of milk at room temperature.
  • Dinner – steamed fish twisted in a meat grinder.
  • Second dinner: a glass of milk.

All menu options for stomach ulcers require drinking a lot: at least 1. 5 liters of water per day.


When you look at the list of what you can eat if you have a stomach ulcer, it seems that the diet menu will be boring and lacking in variety. Sometimes because of this, people collapse and their health worsens. A multicooker can help in preparing meals, because it allows you to cook without wasting time, both with steam and in water, which is important for those who suffer from ulcers.

To recover during diet no. 1, you can prepare the following dishes:

  1. Chicken cutlets with vegetable garnish. To prepare cutlets you will need chicken fillet or breast. The chicken is first washed and the skin is removed. Next, the meat is passed through a meat grinder. Salt is added to the resulting minced meat to taste, you can add finely chopped onion, but in small quantities, a little bread pulp. Form small cutlets. Place the dish in a steam bath. After 10-15 minutes you need to turn the cutlet so that the meat cooks evenly. Depending on the boiling point of the water, the cutlets will be ready in 20-30 minutes. At this point prepare the side dish. You need to wash the carrots and beets. Peel the vegetables and cut them into thin rings, arrange them on a baking tray, season with salt, pour in the cream and place in the oven to cook. If a person does not like this cooking option, you can prepare beetroot puree with cream. Vegetables go well with chicken.
  2. Creamy pumpkin soup. To prepare the dish you will need peeled pumpkin, carrots and low-fat cream. The pumpkin is cut into cubes (the smaller their size, the faster the product will cook) and placed in boiling water. Next, the carrots are cut and added to the pumpkin. When the vegetables are soft, remove them from the heat and drain the excess water, but not completely; There should be some liquid left on the bottom of the pan. Beat the vegetables with a blender until smooth, adding a little salt and herbs during the process for taste. We remind you that if you have a stomach ulcer you should not eat onions, spinach, etc. , so you can limit yourself to a sprig of dill or parsley. Pour the cream over the puree and blend everything again with a blender. The soup should not be liquid, its consistency resembles a puree. The cream should be at room temperature when adding it to the vegetables. Next, put the mixture on the heat and heat over low heat, stirring constantly. It is not necessary to bring the pureed soup to a boil; remove it from the heat as soon as it is hot. You can serve it with croutons for a richer taste.
  3. While following a stomach ulcer diet, you can make pureed pumpkin soup
  4. Dessert with cottage cheese and bananas. Cottage cheese, 1 egg and sugar to taste are mixed in a blender. Cut the banana into a special shape for baking cakes, you can do it in different ways: cubes or circles - it all depends on individual preferences. Pour the resulting curd mixture over the fruit. Bakes for 15-20 minutes in the oven at medium temperature. The dish can be used as a snack or served after the main meal.

Depending on the course of the disease and the patient's well-being, some foods are excluded from the diet. It is up to your doctor to decide how to follow a healthy diet if you have a stomach ulcer. Otherwise, there is a risk of aggravating the situation with rupture of the organ. The diet menu should not include the patient's unfavorable foods, otherwise, after the first improvements appear, he may return to the previous diet and cause unpleasant symptoms again. When on a diet, it is important to prepare dishes correctly and exclude everything fatty, spicy and canned. If you add drug treatment, the stomach ulcer will be defeated. But in any case, you will have to monitor your diet throughout your life to avoid relapses.